Gorilla Classification

Gorilla Classification
KINGDOM
ANIMALIA
PHYLUM
CHORDATA
SUBPHYLUM
VERTEBRATA
CLASS
MAMMALIA
ORDER
PRIMATES
FAMILY
HOMINIDAE
GENUS
GORILLA
SPECIES

WESTERN GORILLA

Gorilla gorilla

EASTERN GORILLA

Gorilla beringei

SUBSPECIES

Western Lowland Gorilla

Gorilla gorilla gorilla

(80,000-100,000)*

Mountain Gorilla

Gorilla beringei beringei

(300-325)*

Cross River Gorilla

Gorilla gorilla diehli

(250)*

Eastern Lowland Gorilla

Gorilla beringei graueri

(3000-5,000)*

Bwindi Gorilla

Gorilla beringei ?

(320)*

*Note: The reason why there’s a question mark after the nomenclature (name) of the Bwindi Gorilla is because until recently it was considered to be part of the sub-species Mountain Gorilla. But now it’s not considered not to be and until further notice its classification is unresolved.
* The numbers in parentheses are approximately how many of a given gorilla sub-species remain. The reason why these figures are estimates is because of the difficulty in tracking the gorillas for a census count as a result of regional conflicts from a few years back.

Basic concept on how species are named.
A species’ name is binomial (two words in the name). The first word is the generic name and always starts with a Capital letter. The second word is the specific name and always begins with a small letter. If there’s a third word in the name this refers to the sub-species of that particular species. So for example Gorilla beringei graueri , Gorilla refers to the genus, beringei refers to the species and graueri refers to the sub-species.

But I always thought that gorillas are a single species?
If this thought has crossed your mind you’re not alone. If you’d like more information on this issue please CLICK HERE.